Communication from a PhD biophysicist - Royal Rife Research - Europe

Go to content

Communication from a PhD biophysicist

Research > Aubrey Scoon
This communication is from a PhD biophysicist who holds a full professor position at a major university. Some primary areas of his research and expertise include the biophysics surrounding cellular membranes, sensory systems, and optics. He has been studying (and is very familiar with) Rife and related technologies for some 20 years or more. He has felt compelled to comment on certain topics being currently discussed in the Rife community. Unfortunately, he is not able to give out his name or email address at this time, nor will he have the time to respond to comments or questions on this material, as he is very busy.


I spotted something wrong in the thinking of the electrical engineer from England. I decided to read his first paper, Part 1. I fully disagree with his description of Royal Rife. He portrayed Royal Rife as a person with a questionable education, obsessive, arrogant and "prone to exaggeration of his own abilities and experiences". According to Mr. Scoon, Dr. Rife never knew what he was doing, and he never understood how things worked. Phillip Hoyland, being a "very capable engineer", Scoon continued, understood things a little better. The problem is that the whole story given by Scoon is not supported by verifiable references and is based on his own speculations.

I strongly believe that an apology is owed to both of them. I will not defend Dr. Rife because his credentials are so high that he does not need that. If he had only invented and built his microscope and done the research on BX virus, he would deserve the honor of one of the greatest scientists of our time. But he has done much much more.

I personally knew John Crane, and visited him in 1990 in his home, 4246 Pepper Drive, San Diego, CA. I had long discussions with Mr. Crane; I saw original documents and notebooks written by Dr. Rife, I saw blueprints and drawings of one of the microscopes and a few other original Rife devices. Mr. Crane told me about many interesting ideas of Dr. Rife. I was in touch with Mr. Crane until the demolition of his house and his death a few years ago. From this experience alone I knew that I was fortunate to see and learn about Royal Rife, the extremely talented but not fully appreciated scientist and thinker.

I have a copy of the manuscript of Dr. Rife entitled: "History of the development of a successful treatment for cancer and other virus, bacteria and fungi". The manuscript was submitted as a Report No. dev-1042, December 1, 1953. It states in the front page: "Research Laboratory Data, Allied Industries, 4246 Pepper Dr., San Diego, Calif., Written by Dr. R.R. Rife, Director of Research (Signature), Approved by Don Tully, Development Associate (Signature), Approved by J.F. Crane, Manager, Approved by Verne Thomson, Chief Electronic Engineer.

I obtained this copy from the History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland. This is a scientific report of a very high quality, written by a scientist, who designed a strategy of experiments; knew biochemistry, anatomy, microscopy; he could culture tissues, worked with animals, and applied sophisticated methods and analysis in his experiments with BX virus. This paper is supported very well by a videotape made from the old movie showing Rife in his laboratory carrying out BX experiments. It was interesting to read in his introduction: "With the frequency instrument treatment, no tissue is destroyed, no pain is felt, no nose is audible, and no sensation is noticed. A tube lights up and 3 minutes later the treatment is completed. The virus or bacteria is destroyed and the body then recovers itself naturally from the toxic effects of the virus or bacteria. Several disease forms may be treated simultaneously." Please notice, that the last sentence of this quote states that several disease forms may be treated simultaneously. That indicates that Dr. Rife was in favor of a multimode function of his frequency device, which is in contrast to Scoon’s major statement about the alleged dispute between Rife and Hoyland.

The whole essence of Scoon’s first paper about a possible confrontation between Rife and Hoyland, based on two different principles of Rife’s frequency devices. One device uses a combinatory principle allowing the combining of two different high frequency (RF) signals in a nonlinear ion plasma tube, and producing among many other harmonics the audio frequency signals. The output of this device is very rich with harmonics. Another device used just one RF carrier and one or a few modulating audio signals. After demodulation by a receptive system, the accurate low frequency signals are delivered. According to Scoon’s personal insights:

"…Rife just moved dials that affected the frequency and power output of the machine, but had no idea of what actual frequencies were involved or what kind of output or energy was produced by the machine". "…Rife doesn’t really understand the operation of the machine - and in particular how all these RF harmonics create audio frequencies…" [1].

Could it be that Royal Rife, who invented and built the most powerful optical microscope, using the most advanced (for his time) knowledge of physical optics, and yet did not know principles of combining electromagnetic oscillations? I am sure that this suggestion is totally wrong. I can attest that in my conversation with J. Crane, he told me that both Rife’s microscopes and Rife’s frequency devices with plasma tubes used the principle of combining frequencies.

Let's examine some scienctific history from Rife’s time. W. Ritz discovered his combinatory principle in optics in 1908. This principle gave a strong push for a variety of research ideas and techniques in physics and physical optics. The combinative oscillations of the frequency f determined by the linear combination of frequencies f1, f2… so that f = n1f1± , n2f2± …, where n1, n2 are integers. The application of this principle was especially fruitful after C.V Raman discovered his combinative light scattering in 1928, this phenomenon later known as Raman scattering. The success of the Raman effect and application of the combinatory principle in physics, optics, and engineering were so great that C.V. Raman received a Nobel Price in Physics in 1930. The combinatory principle was a base for many methods of frequency conversion: modulation, FM detection, heterodyning, obtaining of intermediate frequency, etc. All this happened during the time of the active career of Royal Rife. And he defiantly used it first for his design of high power microscopes, and then for his frequency devices. This statement agrees with the conclusion of Bill Cox: "Rife’s understanding of the heterodyning of light enables his device to see far into extreme…of the light spectrum. ….In the heterodyning effect light from two vibrational frequencies interplay to establish two new frequencies"[4]. Mark L. Gallert summarizing the work of R. Rife also came to the conclusion that heterodyning electromagnetic waves were used in Rife’s devices: "…two different frequencies of vibration are produced, they interact upon each other to produce two new frequencies – one of which is the sum of two original or fundamental frequencies: the other is the difference between the two originating or fundamental frequencies" [5].

The real irony of Scoon’s calculations of audio signals from RF signals is in the fact that he (Scoon) takes the values of original frequencies FROM RIFE’s LAB NOTES and calculates J. Crane’s audio frequencies. The question was: "Where did J. Crane get his audio frequencies?" I received the answer directly from John Crane – he got them from Royal Rife. Thus Dr. Rife knew it all, and being very familiar with the combinatory principle, calculated these frequencies about 70 years ago. And here Mr. Scoon makes his calculations, reproduces results known to R. Rife long ago, and instead of
admiration and delight Aubrey Scoon makes one conclusion: "…Rife doesn’t really understand the operation of the machine - and in particular how all these RF harmonics create audio frequencies…"[1].

The next papers of Mr. Scoon were entitled "The Secret of the Rife Machine" and "A new theory of Plasma Tube fields and the operation of the "Rife effects" [2,6]. Here he gives an impression of being knowledgeable with all sciences in a world from the Maxwell electromagnetic theory, the Schrodinger equation, to cellular biology and membrane biophysics.

In reality he misunderstands some physical principles, makes very wrong statements, which can lead practical researchers away from the real understanding of Dr. Rife’s achievements, and away from constructing effective devices.

In the paragraph entitled: "The Speed of Light and the Wavelength" [2] he gives the following two contradictory statements:

1. "When you think about it carefully, the frequency, the wavelength and the speed of light are intimately related. In fact there's an equation to describe it: speed = frequency * wavelength

So if the speed of light changes when radiation enters a substance other than vacuum, then it follows that either the frequency or wavelength or both must change too, otherwise the equation will be wrong."[2]

This is a totally wrong statement.

Then Mr. Scoon continues with another statement:

2. "Now for reasons I won’t go into here, (basically conservation of energy) it’s actually the wavelength that changes. The frequency stays constant. So if the speed of the EM radiation gets slower in any substance, then the wavelength gets correspondingly shorter by the same ratio."[2] (Small caps are mine).

This is a correct statement.

In spite of this correct statement Mr. Scoon uses the incorrect one in all his further discussions, and comes to very wrong conclusions. Here, in this statement he is in real trouble:

"The significance of this becomes clearer when we realize that Rife’s resonance effect (if it exists) must be dependent on wavelength. But we also know from the above that the wavelength of any given frequency of radiation inside the body tissues must be different to the wavelength of the same radiation outside the body. And if this is true, then there is no way that any one frequency can resonate the same object equally both inside and outside the body tissues." [2].

Let us analyze all three sentences of the above quotation from the Scoon’s paper.

"The significance of this becomes clearer when we realize that Rife’s resonance effect (if it exists) must be dependent on wavelength."

This statement is wrong, because any resonance is determined by a resonance frequency (not wavelength). The simplified picture of interaction of an EM wave and matter can be envisioned as follows: when a material substance containing free and/or bound electrical charges is exposed to the electromagnetic wave of the frequency F, the charges start their movement up and down or backward and forward, or get twisted at the frequency F. If certain molecules (or molecular aggregates, or molecular compounds) in this system that carry these charges have their own normal frequencies of oscillation that are equal or harmonic to the frequency F – then resonance occurs. Thus the molecular resonance occurs at the same frequency or at the harmonic frequency of the EM wave that is outside of the substance. The wavelength of the molecular resonant oscillations may be different, but the frequency is the same or harmonic. Let's further explain this important point with a simple example. If you direct a sound from a tuning fork to a system of strings in a wooden frame, the strings tuned to the same frequency will respond. The wavelength of sound wave will be different for the air, the wood, and the string, but the frequency will be the same. If we mount the strings in a different frame, say in a metal frame, the result will be the same, resonance occurs when the innate frequency of the string coincides with the frequency of the tuning fork.

Scoon's second statement above reads:

"But we also know from the above that the wavelength of any given frequency of radiation inside the body tissues must be different to the wavelength of the same radiation outside the body."

This is correct. But what difference does that make, if frequencies are the same inside and outside the body.

And finally the third sentence of Scoon’s statement:

"And if this is true, then there is no way that any one frequency can resonate the same object equally both inside and outside the body tissues."

This statement is wrong for the same reasons as a first one.

Because of a misunderstanding of the physics, Mr. Scoon makes his the most dead wrong conclusion:

"…a frequency which is an MOR for a pathogen on a microscope slide cannot possibly (except by pure coincidence through harmonic matching) be an MOR for the same pathogen inside body tissues!"[2].

This is wrong. The MOR frequency for bacterium or virus, or other pathogen, will be the same on a microscope slide, or in a mouse, or in a human, or even in an elephant. It was very much proven with the best Rife machine. This is a quotation from a letter from Dr. M. Johnson to Dr. Rife of October 8, 1935, which confirms this point:

"My dear Dr. Rife, …We are about to ready to begin our clinical work with the new Rife Ray Machine which seems to be a great success….We have tested the machine out very thoroughly both on animals and on cultures, and so far we can see, it leaves nothing to be desired."

It is clear that destroying a pathogen on a microscope slide and then in a body necessarily means a cure of the person. It may be a cure if only this pathogen is the very cause of the disease. If pathogen is polymorphic, or the pathogen is a result of some genetic or environmental problem, or the result of poor diet, stress, toxins, etc., then killing pathogens may help just a little.

The picture of the interaction of the EM waves with a body I mentioned above is very primitive, because the complexity of the body as a system is enormous. But the main point is correct; the external EM waves interacts with free and bound electrical charges, and small electromagnetic fields are produced by cell and tissue electrical currents. Free charges are available in the form of mineral ions and ionized molecular groups in the cell plasma, in blood, and other bodily liquids. A large system of conductive "wires" includes blood vessels, axons of excitable cells, and the lymphatic system. The excitable cells communicate with each other using a frequency modulation with electrical pulses of about 100 mV and electric currents of approximately 1 microampere per square cm, and frequencies in the range of 1-100 Hz. Cell membranes have ion channels, which also carry ion currents that vary significantly in amplitudes and open times. A "typical" channel has a current of about 1-5 pA, and open time in a range of 0.1-10 ms (corresponding frequencies are 100 –10,000 Hz). Sensory and receptor cells produce so called generator potentials that are proportional to the
logarithm of the signal. The amplitudes of these signals are in a range of 0.1 – 1 mV. Because of electrical and metabolic activity cellular membranes vibrate with a frequency in a range of 1-100 Hz. Other system vibrations include the brain electrical activity, 1-12 Hz, and the heart beat of ~1-2 Hz.

Bound charges are available practically in all cells and tissues. The most important systems with bound charges include cellular membranes, cytoskeleton (in particular, microtubules), and DNA molecules. In the original work Frohlich [8] postulated that the strong polar character of biological objects suggests longitudinal oscillations as stabilizing modes. Frequency of vibrations in cytoskeleton (in microtubules) were found in a range of 0.1-1 GHz [9]. The coupling of acoustic waves to an electromagnetic waves in DNA molecules was theoretically calculated [10] and adsorption of DNA molecules found to be chain-length dependent [11], with a resonant adsorption for selected DNA molecules [12] in a range of 1- 10 GHz.

Having in mind such large number of vitally important structures in our body with a large range of resonance frequencies we can appreciate the concerns of Dr. Rife about the high selectivity of his ray device for a medical use. There is a risk that device with a very broad spectrum of high amplitude harmonics can interfere with functions of vital structures.

The rest of the Scoon’s paper discussing permittivity, mortal oscillatory rates, real body tissue, etc., did not have much sense for me, because there was insufficient understanding of major features of interaction of EM waves with a body.

I would strongly recommend to Mr. Scoon, to go to a library and pick up a good book on solid state physics. I would start with a Kittel’s book [13], where can be found a very educational chapter on Lattice Oscillation. There is a very good paragraph in this chapter on the interaction of EM with a linear molecular crystal with a periodic distribution of mass. Just this reading alone will open a person's eyes on mechanisms of interactions. One will understand that frequency vibrations have two branches: the optical and the acoustical branch, and one will appreciate a coupling of acoustic waves to an electromagnetic field. If there is stomach to read a more comprehensive book on nonlinear physics of DNA there is an excellent text [14] on the topic.

In the first two papers about Dr. Rife and his machines [1,2] I feel Mr. Scoon made a few serious errors in his judgements. But regarding the third paper [3] entitled "Addendum to 'Secret' of the Rife Machine with a lot more detail", I started to read this paper and could not go too far. There are serious errors and misinterpretations. He does not understand cell membrane structure, functions, electrochemical gradients, etc. He did not reference any literature available on the topic of membrane involvement in Rife’ mechanisms; there is plenty membrane information available on the internet.

I would strongly recommend to Mr. Scoon to read at least one good book on biological membranes. K. Cole’s book would be a good start [15]

I generally do not appreciate membrane models of Rife’s effects because the general drawback of these models is that they are not specific for different organisms. It is very hard to define a difference in MORs for say Salmonella and E. coli bacteria.

The only model I know is Boehm's model that fully explains the specificity, which is a model based on the DNA base pair numbers and reduction of harmonics. Additionally this model is fully supported by a theory of DNA oscillations [10] and experiments with DNA adsorption [11,12].

I would like to finish my post with a question. Could Mr. Scoon build a good Rife machine? I think he can. First of all he should apologize for unnecessary smearing of Dr. Rife’s ideas. Dr. Rife used some of the optical ideas of Dr. Raman and acoustic ideas of Dr Abrams, but he did not call them idiots. Mr. Scoon can use Rife’s and Hoyland’s ideas without scolding them. He probably has his own good ideas, and if he builds this machine it should be tested with the same attention to details as Dr. Rife did. This machine should not kill everything alive, but be specific. And if experiments with
cultures and animals shows that the machine is more effective in killing pathogens and treating disease compared to other devices then it will be accepted with great enthusiasm.

My best wishes.

4. Bill Cox, "The Wondrous Rife Microscope", in The Royal R. Rife Report, page 1, Compiled by Alison Davidson, Borderland Sciences, Darberville, CA, 1991.
5. Mark Gallert, , Invisible Ultra-Violet Life Frequencies Made Visible, in The Royal R. Rife Report, p.2-5, Compiled by Alison Davidson, Borderland Sciences, Darberville, CA, 1991.
6. A new theory of Plasma Tube fields and the operation of the "Rife effects".
7. Milbank Johnson, Letter, in The Royal R. Rife Report, p.78, Compiled by Alison Davidson, Borderland Sciences, Darberville, CA, 1991.
8. H. Frohlich, in: Marois (Ed), Quantum mechanics concepts in biology, theoretical physics and biology, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1969, pp 13-22.
9. Jiri Pokorny, Conditions for coherent vibrations in the cytoskeleton, Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, 48:267-271, 1999.
10. M. Kohli, MN Mei, EW Prohofdky, LL Van Zandt, Calculated microwave adsorption of double-helical B-conformation poly(dG).poly(dC). Biopolymers, 20:853-864, 1981.
11. ML Swicord, GS Edwards, JL Sagripanti, CC Davis, Chain-length dependent microwave adsorption of DNA, Biopolymers, 22:2513-2516, 1983.
12. GS Edwards, CC Davis, JD Saffer, ML Swicord, Resonant microwave adsorption of selected DNA Molecules. Physical Review Letters, 53(13): 1284-1287, 1984.
13. Charles Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1956 (There are new editions).
14. LV Yakushevich, Nonlinear Physics of DNA, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1998.
15. KK Cole, Membranes, Ions and Impulses. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1968.
© Copyright: 1999 - 2020, Rife Research, Europe - Peter Walker
© 99-2018, Rife Research, Europe
Back to content